Mysore is the second biggest city in Karnataka State with a population of 8.83 lakhs people. It has large number of small industries and is a tourist hub and annually about 3.5 million tourists visit this place. As such there is tremendous focus on crafts in the City. Mysore is known as the ‘City of Palaces’. The Wodeyars ruled from 1399 until Independence, except for the 38-year rule of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan in the 18th century. It had witnessed the reigns of the Chalukya, Cholas, Hoysala and Yadu dynasties who built many temples. Under their patronage Mysore became the cultural capital of the south. Raja Wodeyar ascended the throne at Srirangapattana in 1610 AD, and inaugurated the Dasara festivities which are still celebrated with great pomp. Mysore is a city of palaces, gardens, tree-lined avenues, sacred temples and cultural institutions.
The Wodeyars were patrons of art and culture and have contributed significantly to the cultural growth of the city. The continuous patronage and support of the kings in every field led to the evolution of a distinct style known as the “Mysore Style” in all the fields like painting, architecture, music, poetry etc,. Mysore is a land of artists and is known to people for their skills. Mysore art and handicrafts reflects the rich heritage and cultural aura of the city which includes paintings, yoga and silk textiles. Mysore region is rich of natural resources like Sandal wood, silk, the best quality Jasmine flowers which are referred to as Mysore Mallige. Mysore silk is woven into a range of cloths, like Mysore peta, shawls, saris etc. The most famous of them are Mysore silk sari and Mysore silk peta (Turban).