abadeh 

There are various fields of handicrafts in Abadeh, the most notable one of which is
wood carving. It can be said that the origin of woodcarving in Iran and the world is
Abadeh, and this art has been driven from the county to other parts of the country and
even to the world.It should also be noted that the certificate of registration of the
national geographic indications, the WIPO international certificate and the Intangible
Cultural Heritage certificate have been received for the wood carving of Abadeh.
Carpet and rug weaving are among the arts that their design and pattern are knitted by
Abadeh and nomad women.

 

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Also the original giveh of Abadeh which is known as‘Shiveh giveh’ has tremendous therapeutic properties as well as other handicrafts are asource of income for families living in this county and paying attention and support tothem can have a great impact on employment (it should be mentioned that at present,the county artists are active in 16 fields of handicrafts including joint embroidery,mosaic, lattice, sculpture, traditional musical instruments, leather, traditional jewelry,stone artifacts, and woodcarving)

It goes without saying that carving on wood in different forms has been prevalent from
previous centuries and that it has been done in the world and in Iran in different styles.
So in general we can say that what is known today as traditional wood carving of Iran
and Abadeh is a technique of carving that is completely unique to Abadeh in terms of
elegance and rejection of imitating, using innovation and thought in design and plan,
using the simplest tools, and special production method which was developed
elsewhere. It is also worth noting that the history of wood carving in Abadeh is
estimated to be around 600 years old. The main specialized tool used in traditional
wood carving of Abadeh is the knife made of carbon steel which is originally flat and
its tip is grinded like a calligraphy pencil. It is worth mentioning that using this knife is
unique to Abadeh style, perhaps in other carving styles (traditional and steel) in other
parts of the country, other big and small chisels with different shapes are used.

 

The History of Woodcarving
To confirm the history of carving in Abadeh, one can refer to the text of some
travelogues, references and articles written about arts and crafts of Iran
including Masterpieces of Iranian Art written by Arthur Pop, The Traditional
Crafts of Persia written by Hans E. Wulff, and An Overview of Iran Handicrafts
written by M. Hasanbeigi. Works in the Iranian and world museums such as the
Museum of Anthropology of the Golestan Palace, the Louvre Paris Museum and
the Victoria and Albert Museum of London also confirm it.The crafts produced
today in the county also represent the continuation of previous
traditions.Considering the fact that Abadeh wood carving has been native to
Fars Province and its longstanding reputation, in addition to the cultural and
artistic aspect of preservation and continuation of the traditions of this field, one
can promote economic activity in this field by building employment
platforms.By creating a secure margin of moral and material support for
professional and amateur activists, a new perspective on the social fabric of the
community can be drawn so that the young people of the region, based on their
inheritance and tradition, take steps to maintain and enhance this traditional art.

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